Why was it built?
Industrialisation, the growth of a large Empire and the intensification in manufacturing and trade saw an increased need for a more literate and numerate workforce that could read, write and account.
The 18th and 19th centuries saw a transition to new methods and machines, unemployment, changes to the Poor Law (1834) and the economic recession of 1830-40 all of which resulted in protest and uprisings that threatened the established order.
Local Industrialists and Benefactors saw the advantage of funding educational opportunities which rested on principles of self-improvement, as did the working man himself who saw the significant role education had for advancement.
Mechanic Institutes were a National response to meet this need.